During more than 400 years Tzaryzin – Stalingrad – Volgograd
has played an important role in the history of Russia.
Founded in 1589 as a guarding fortress of the southern borders of Russia,
Tzaryzin was a witness of many historical events. Revolutionary armies
of Stepan Razin, Kondrat Bulavin, Yemelyan Pugachev and other leaders
of peasantry movement were fighting at the walls of it. Tzaryzin was in
the number of the first cities to put up the Red Banner of October after
the city of Petrograd. It had left far beyond many suburban cities of
Russia in the matters of economic development, and by the beginning of
XX century it had become a large trading and industrial center of the
Before the World War II Stalingrad was known to be a growing industrial
center. In the northern part of the city there was built the first in
the USSR tractor-producing plant. Quite a sizable electrical plant was
in the process of construction and the building of ship-manufacturing
plant was already finished. Stalingrad was producing 40% of all the country’s
tractors, third part of details of a highest quality and its wood-manufacturing
factories were providing the mines of Donbass with wood and exporting
it in large amounts. The load of seaport and railways recognizably increased.
Air transportation - the newest means of transport – was in the stage
of rapid development.
The city played an important role in the economy of the country, the perspectives
of its further development also looked promising. But this path of success
was interrupted by the war. Two hundred days and two hundred nights lasted
the battle for the city, which couldn’t be compared to anything in the
history of the world. Stalingrad Battle was destined to be one of the
most tragic and, within this, one of the most important pages in the history
of the Great Patriotic War. On the 2nd of February 1943 the vigorous attack
of Hitler’s best units was clogged, and this event paved the way for the
core change in the history of World War II.
The heroic deed, made in Stalingrad, shall remain in our memory forever.
This surely was not only the heroism of the soldiers, who had defended
the city, but also it was the heroism of the citizens of Stalingrad, who
had performed the reconstruction works there. After viewing the ruins
of the streets and plant buildings, the ex-ambassador of USA in Soviet
Union Davis said: “This city is dead and you will never revive it.” But,
against all expectations, Stalingrad has resurrected itself out of the
Nowadays Volgograd is a large industrial, administrative, educative and
culturally-enlightening center, the population of which has reached the
number of one million citizens. The city possesses a powerful multi-fielded
industrial complex, including more than 130 plants, factories and production
units. Moreover, Volgograd is also famous for being a memorial city. The
buildings of Tzaryzin times, memorials devoted to the historical events,
memorial places and places of interest of the city watchfully keep the
witness of the past.
Visit this site will give you the opportunity to find out about the majority
of the modern and historical places of interest of the city.